Avro Lancaster 467 Squadron - Mystic Realms

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Avro Lancaster MkI - Safe Return
Avro Lancaster
Avro Lancaster MkI - Safe Return; digital Illustration by Les Still
Avro Lancaster
Origin;- A.V.Roe Ltd., also Armstrong   Whitworth, Austin Motors, Metropolitan-Vickers and   Vickers-Armstrongs UK and Victory Aircraft Canada.
Type;- Seven seat heavy bomber.
Engines;- Four 1,460hp Rolls-Royce or Packard Merlin 20   or 22, (MkII only four 1,650hp Bristol Hercules VI, 14   cylinder two row, sleeve valve radials).
Dimensions;- Span 102' (31.1m), length 69'4" (21.1m),   height 19'7" (5.97m).
Weights;- Empty 36,900lb (16705kg), loaded 68,000lb   (30800kg), overload with 22,000 bomb 70,000lb (31750kg).
Performance;- Maximum speed 287mph (462km/h) at 11,500ft   (3500m), cruising speed 210mph (338km/h), climb at   maximum weight to 20,000ft (6095m) 41 minutes, service   ceiling 24,500ft (7467m), range with 14,000lb (6350kg)   bombs 1.660 miles (2675km).
Armament;- Nose and dorsal turrets (MkII also ventral)   with two 0.303in Brownings (some including Mk VII had   Martin dorsal turret with two 0.5in), tail turret with   four 0.303in Brownings, 33ft (10.06m) bomb bay carrying   normal load of 14,000lb (6350kg) or 22,000lb (9979kg)   bomb with modification.
History;- First flight 9 January 1941, service delivery   ( for test and training ) September 1941, last delivery   from new 2 February 1946.
Users;- Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Poland, UK (RAF,   BOAC).
Development;- Undoubtedly one of the major influences on   World War II, and one of the greatest aircraft of   history, the 'Lanc' came about because of the failure of   it's predecessor. In September 1836 the Air Staff issued   specification P.13/36 for a twin engined bomber of   exceptional size and capability to be powered by two of   the very powerful engines then under development. The   first type 679 Manchester flew on 25 July 1939.   Altogether 209 Manchesters were delivered by November   1941, but the type was plagued by the poor performance   and unreliability of it's engine. Though it was equipped   eight Bomber Command squadrons and parts of two others   plus a flight in Coastal Command the Manchester was   withdrawn from service in June 1942 and survivors were   scrapped.
Nevertheless the basic Manchester was clearly   outstandingly good, and in 1940 the decision was taken   to build a longer span version with four Merlin engines.   The first Lancaster (BT 308) flew as the Manchester III   at the beginning of 1941. So outstanding was it's   performance that it went into immediate large scale   production and Manchesters already on the line from   L7527 onwards were completed as Lancasters (   distinguished from later aircraft by their row of   rectangular windows in the rear fuselage). Deliveries   began in early 1942 to 44 Sqn at Waddington, and on 17   April 1942 a mixed force of 44 and 97 Sqns made a rather   foolhardy daylight raid against the MAN plant at   Augsburg, whereupon the new bombers existence was   revealed.
From then until the end of World war II Lancasters made   156,000 sorties in Europe and dropped 608,612 tons of   bombs. Total production including 430 in Canada by   Victory Aircraft was 7,377. of these 3,425 were Mk I and   3,039 the Mk III with US Packard built engines. A batch   of 300 were built as MK IIs with the more powerful   Bristol Hercules radial, some with bulged bomb bays and   a ventral turret. The MK I (Special) was equipped to   carry the 12,000lb (5443kg) light case bomb and the   12,000lb and 22,000lb (9979kg) Earthquake bombs, the H2S   radar blister under the rear fuselage being removed. The   Mk I (FE) was equipped for Far East operations with   Tiger Force. The Aircraft of 617 (Dambusters) Sqn were   equipped to spin and release the Wallis skipping drum   bomb. The Mk VI had high altitude Merlins and four blade   propellers and with turrets removed served 635 Sqn and   100 Grp as a countermeasure and radar spoof carrier.   Other Marks served as photo reconnaissance and maritime   reconnaissance and air sea rescue aircraft. The last   MR.7 leaving RAF frontline service in February 1954.
Lancasters took part in every major night attack on   Germany. They soon showed their superiority by dropping   132 long tons of bombs for each aircraft lost, compared   with 56 (later 86) for the Halifax and 41 for the   Stirling. They carried a heavier load of bigger bombs   than any other aircraft in the European theatre. The   12,000lb AP bomb was used to sink the Tirpitz, and the   22,000lb weapon finally shook down the stubborn viaduct   at Bielefeld in March 1945. Around Caen, Lancasters were   used en masse in the battlefield close support role, and   they finished the war dropping supplies to starving   Europeans and ferrying home former prisoners of war.
from Military Aviation Library - World   War 2 British Aircraft.
467 Squadron RAF (RAAF)
The RAAF Squadrons. The Royal Australian   Air Force made a substantial contribution to World war   II outside it's own area, both in the middle East and   Northern Europe. Most of these squadrons were numbered   from 450 to 467.

No.467 Squadron formed at Scampton on 7 November 1942 as   part of No. 5 Group, and was given the standard No. 5   Group bomber of the time, the Avro Lancaster. It used   only this type throughout it's war time service. It   almost immediately moved to Bottesford, from where it   began operations on 2 January 1943, with a night bombing   raid on the French coast. This began a war of continuing   operations on a variety of targets. Not only was the   squadron involved in all the big Bomber Command   offensives but also took part in No. 5 Group's own war,   attacking many of the specialised targets by whose   destruction No. 5 Group hoped to prove that it was more   effective than the Pathfinders. Some of its raids were   on Italy, flying a shuttle to North Africa and later   making another raid on the way back. It also was   involved in 1944 in tactical raids connected with the   invasion of France, but soon returned to the main   targets in Germany. No. 467 Squadron had moved to   Waddington in November 1943 with No. 463 Squadron, the   pair of them forming an RAAF wing there until the end of   the war. With World war II over No. 467 Squadron moved   to Metheringham in June and was disbanded on 30   September 1945.
from The Illustrated   Encyclopaedia of Aircraft.
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